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It is the board that was over the head of Jesus when he was on the cross stating his crime. It has come to be known in Latin as the "Titulus Crucis," pronounced tijulus, which simply means "inscription" on the Cross."
According to the Gospels, the headboard inscription said: "Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews, in three languages: top-Aramaic, middle-Greek and bottom- Latin.
The letters are hand engraved into the wood. The first letter of the four words forms the "tetragrammaton" or the name of God (Yodh Heh Vav Heh). It measures in 20x 6in x 1in thick. It also has a hook on the back. The antiqued half board is 10in X 6in.
Its history: Titulus Crucis (Latin for "Inscription of the Cross") also known as ogium is a relic kept in the Church of Santa Croce in Rome—the earlier palace of Helena of Constantinople—which the tradition claims in 1140 is half of the cross's titulus and a part of the True Cross.
Michael Hesemann and Prof Carsten Peter Thiede were commisioned by the Pope to research the authenticity of the Titulus in Rome and insist that it is truly a part of the Cross, written by a Jewish scribe. He cites that the order of the languages match what is historically and biblically accurate and not what a forgerer would try to write to remain faithful to the text instead. It is written from right to left which a Jewish inscriber in Israel would have done.
Dr Thiede did a video and wrote a book before he died called "The Quest for the True Cross," that is out of print, but you may be able to find a copy of them on amazon. Michael Heseman also wrote a book in German on the issue.
Please do NOT contact me to give your opinion or debate about the authenticity of the Titulus or the Shroud.
Here is a 4 x 4 metal plaque
Here are some of my attempts at the above piece
The actual board would have looked liked the one below with a white background and the engraved words painted black.
I received this letter of recommendation from Michael Hesemann who owns two of my Titulus and was commissioned by the Pope to study the Titulus in the Church of Santa Croce:
I gratefully received your reconstruction of the Titulus Crucis, the headboard of the Cross of Christ.
As you know, half of the original Titulus is preserved and venerated in the Basilica di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in Rome. Between 1997 and 1999, I had the honour to investigate it, with permission of the Secretary of State of the Holy See and the Pontificial Academy of Sciences. My findings were presented to H.H., Pope John Paul II in December 1998 and to the scientific community in May 1999 at a conference at the Pontificial Lateran University, before I published my book “Die Jesus Tafel” (Italian: Titulus Crucis) in October 1999. They were confirmed by the works of Prof. Carsten-Peter Thiede and Prof. Maria-Luisa Rigato.
The historical evidence indicates that the relic venerated in Rome is indeed half of the original Titulus, discovered in 325 AD during the construction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem over the site of the death and resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the presence of the Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great. She divided it into two halves; one remained in Jerusalem where it was described by several pilgrims and Church historians during the 4th-7th century, the other she took to Rome, to her palace which later was transformed into the Basilica di S. Croce. There, during restoration works, the relic was rediscovered in 1492 and declared authentic by a Papal bulla of Pope Alexander VI.
When I saw your replica, when I followed and advised its creation process, I was deeply impressed by your careful reconstruction and the realistic look of the result. It indeed became your masterpiece. I am glad to testify that the result got as close to the probable appearance of the original as possible. Therefore, it became an important tool for both, scholars and the faithful, to re-live the most significant moment in history.
The Titulus Crucis is not only a silent witness of the condemnation and execution of Our Lord Jesus Christ, it also became an instrument of the revelation, when the pagan Roman governor Pontius Pilate revealed that Jesus of Nazareth was indeed the promised Messiah, the King of the Jews. More than that, the initials of the Hebrew Yeshu Ha-Nozri, W(u)melech Hajehudim correspond with the Tetragrammaton YHWH, the Name of God.
Since the Titulus Crucis is the only contemporary document mentioning Our Lord as well as the only “surviving” juridical document of the condemnation of Jesus Christ, we can very well call it the most important document of the human history.
Therefore, I am grateful that you re-created it in such a beautiful way!
Wholeheartedly I recommend it to scholars, religious communities and Parishes for both, teaching purposes and religious inspiration.
God bless you,
yours in Christ
Michael Hesemann, CSC.
Historian and Author
I have attempted to come close to the actual letter style of the actual headboard at the Church of Santa Croce. I have written what the actual whole piece would have said in complete form. I got that from Michael Hesemann and Prof. Thiede's book on the Titulus. It measures 6in x 20in.
It does not have the name Jesus written in Greek and Latin, but only abbreviated since the name Jesus was a very common name in Israel at the time. The Hebrew letters are also a little more elaborate like the Hebrew letters of the first century. The letters are also painted black and the background of the one below has white paint like the orignal.
Shroud of Turin
The Holy Shroud is considered the most important relics of Christianity. Its existence is documented since the 6th century, when it was venerated in Edessa/Syria. According to the legend, the Apostle St. Jude Thaddeus (Addai in the local Aramaic dialect) brought it to the North Syrian city to be protected by king Abgar V., the first king in history who embraced Christianity and was baptized by the Apostle. In 944, it was brought to Constantinople, where it was depicted in the "Codex Pray" and described in the homilies of the Patriarchs and the reports of visitors. In 1204, during the 4th Crusade, it was stolen by the French knight Othon de la Roche from its reliquary in the Imperial Palace Chapel and brought to France via Athens. Since 1357, it was first venerated in Lirey/Champagne, then in Chambery before it was brought to Turin/Italy by the Savoy Dynasty in 1598. It was exposed the last time in April/May 2010, when Pope Benedict XVI visited Turin and prayed in front of it.The Turin Shroud, as it was called ever since, is probably the most carefully investigated historical object ever. Even state-of-the-art scientists have no explanation for the mysterious negative image, obviously created by a strong emission of light, "burned" into the linen. The only logical conclusion is that this happened during His glorious resurrection.
The actual positive and Negative Image on the Shroud of Turin on one piece of 14" x 26" material.
My image on the shroud to scale of what is the actual size on the Shroud of Turin 15" x 12 3/4".
This is 43.5" x 175" (3ft 7in x 14.5 ft) the front side and back side! It is a copy of the actual shroud of Turin that is displayed in Turin Italy to scale of what the actual dimensions of the the Shroud. It is similar in size and color of the actual relic. Not taken from any copywritten images.
Displayed with my custom made frame
My display and newspaper articles
Original Shroud of Turin Image
2002 Restored Image where the patches have been removed and the cloth stretched.
Here's a great website on ongoing studes of the Shroud
Here's one in Spanish
Laminated Shroud of Turin Bookmark 6-3/4in x 3-3/4in
Sudarium of Oviedo
The Sudarium over the shroud image
This is 32" x 20" copy of the Sudarium of Oviedo. It is similar in size and color of the actual relic seen below. It even has the hole on the left side of the cloth like the original.
Roman Flagrum or Flagellum
This Flagrum is patterned after what is on the shroud and is similiar to an actual replica found in Italy from the first century.
Pattern of scourge marks on the shroud of Turin
Actual First Century Roman Nails through a crucified man's heel
Custom made iron nails made by a blacksmith modeled after the picture above. The nails I have are approx. 6in long, and are the same style as actual first century nails, including the olive wood washer.
Actual first century Roman spear heads
The spear head I have is 12 in long made out of solid iron and and has a hollowed out end to have a 1in dowel inserted.
CROWN OF THORNS
It is believed that the crown of thorns was made from a base of a Zizyphus Spina Christi plant, filled in with the Gundelia Tournefortii plant which, in the springtime, has one to two inch thorns as well as flowery bulbs.
This Crown of Thorns is made in Bethlehem by a Christian family made in the months of July & August, because at that time the branches of the rose bushes would be fresh, so they can be shaped into a head size circle. Those bushes are taken from Jerusalem from the Catholic monks who have lived in the Jerusalem area since the time of the crusades. In that area only one particular type of thorn Bush \ Small tree is native to Jerusalem. This thorn bush \ small tree is unlike any others because it has a distinct double thorn pattern. The thorns are extremely sharp and are approximately 1 inch long. This Crown of Thorns may be from the same type of plant that was used for our Lord Jesus Christ, its scientific name is Euphorbia Milli. This thick steamed plant grows admits the desert of Jericho and by the Dead Sea, 30 Miles from Jerusalem and there are no other branches in that area and a soldier would have to run at least a mile which means to go outside the city wall to bring some thorns to make the crown for Our Lord Jesus.